The University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (CAFNR) has numerous existing research, teaching and extension programs that are nationally and internationally recognized. To highlight the recognized strength of existing and future programs, CAFNR has established criteria for Programs of Distinction, a select collection of programs that exemplify CAFNR’s drive to distinction. CAFNR’s Programs of Distinction, together with our academic programs, define our current impact on Missouri’s agriculture and natural resource economies, providing understanding for how CAFNR is addressing challenges facing Missouri agriculture and natural resources.
In line with CAFNR’s new strategic plan, the College has designated seven existing programs as Programs of Distinction.
Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute
Program Director: Patrick Westhoff
The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) seeks to provide objective analysis of issues related to agricultural markets and policies. FAPRI has developed a state, national and international reputation as a reliable source of information and analysis on everything from farm commodity market outlook to the impacts of farm bills, trade disputes and biofuel policies. FAPRI is best known for its projections for the farm economy. Using its set of economic models, FAPRI develops 10-year projections for thousands of indicators that affect the state of the food and agricultural sectors. FAPRI projections include the price of corn and cattle, farm income, agricultural land uses, the cost of government farm programs, and retail food prices.
FAPRI, which was established in 1984, provides analysis that helps people make more informed decisions. It helps policymakers understand policy options for farm income, food prices and the federal budget. Market projections help farmers decide which crops to plant and how to manage risk. FAPRI analysis helps lenders decide what types of loans to make and provides information to businesses making investment decisions.
Interdisciplinary Plant Group
Program Director: Robert Sharp
The Interdisciplinary Plant Group (IPG) is a cross-discipline and integrative program that transcends traditional departmental boundaries to foster excellence in plant biology research and education at MU. The program, which began in 1981, promotes an interactive environment that facilitates the sharing of ideas and resources, and creates opportunities for collaboration through interdisciplinary workshops, seminars and an annual international symposium. The IPG’s overarching research theme focuses on understanding how plants respond to changing environments. Within this theme, research projects are grouped by studies that focus on genetic diversity, developmental mechanisms, and biotic and abiotic interactions.
The IPG has grown to include 55 faculty-led teams, plus nine emeritus members, from multiple units and colleges. In the past 15 years, IPG faculty have secured nearly $235 million in extramural grant funding. IPG faculty also have an exceptional record of scholarly publications. In the past 10 years, the group has published more than 1,800 articles in peer-reviewed journals.
Interdisciplinary Reproduction and Health Group
Program Director: Thomas Spencer
The Interdisciplinary Reproduction and Health Group (IRHG) was organized and established through a faculty-driven, grassroots effort in 2016 to develop a multidisciplinary program to foster distinction in reproduction, health research and education at Mizzou. The primary goal of the IRHG is to address broad challenges to reproduction and health of humans and animals by conducting basic, clinical and translational research and providing training for the next generation of scientists.
At present, IRHG includes more than 100 faculty, staff and trainees (graduate students and postdoctoral fellows) from eight departments across five colleges/schools at MU. The IRHG program at Mizzou is the strongest reproductive biology program in the state and region, and ranks in the top five nationally among land-grant universities based on extramural funding. The program is a nationally and internationally recognized brand, particularly in animal sciences. The faculty consistently have the largest number of extramural grants focused on reproductive biology from USDA and NIH, as well as the NSF and companies, in comparison to other Animal Science departments.
MU Forage-Livestock Group
Program Directors: Craig Roberts and Eric Bailey
When the MU Forage-Livestock Group was formed in 1971, plant and animal scientists met informally over lunches to plan grazing experiments and discuss research findings. Today, the group includes more than 20 scientists and their elite teams in CAFNR, who collaborate with colleagues in the College of Veterinary Medicine. The goal of the MU Forage-Livestock Group is to provide science that will sustain Missouri’s livestock industry, while also protecting the state’s natural resources. The group brings together faculty, staff and students to teach, conduct research and do extension work at the University of Missouri.
The group works to increase scientific discovery, dissemination and application of science in forage-livestock agriculture. The interdisciplinary programs include management-intensive grazing, fescue toxicosis, winter feeding systems, animal nutritional management, precision grazing and dairy grazing systems. The Missouri Grazing Schools, for example, serve as just one of the important outcomes of the MU Forage-Livestock Group. Analysis shows that those schools contribute $125 million each year to the economy in Missouri and support more than 2,000 jobs in the state.
MU Livestock Engineering Team
Program Director: Randall Prather
The MU Livestock Engineering Team (MULE Team) facilitates the production of genetically engineered livestock for science, medicine and agriculture. The defining identity of the program is the central role it plays in productive collaborations with research programs at MU and at other institutions across the country. The MULE Team began in 1989 and focuses on all aspects of embryo technologies including oocyte and preimplantation embryo development, embryo culture, and cryopreservation. More than 75 different genetic modifications have been introduced into pigs, which has led to the production of more than 1,200 live-born pigs.
The National Swine Resource and Research Center (NSRRC) is a critical component of the MULE Team. The NSRRC serves as a resource for biomedical investigators and researchers, providing those individuals with access to critically needed swine models for human health and disease. Serving the research community often requires great flexibility to meet the needs of individual investigators, which the NSRRC accommodates. MULE Team researchers have been awarded $140 million in grants, including $33 million for operation of the NSRRC, since the program’s inception.
Show-Me-Select™ Replacement Heifer Program
Program Directors: David Patterson and Jared Decker
The Show-Me-Select™ Replacement Heifer Program is recognized nationally as a model in the land-grant system in translational research and extension with immediate impacts on Missouri’s beef industry. The program provides cattle producers with tools to enhance reproductive and genetic potential of their herds and improve ultimate profitability. The program transfers science-based knowledge that enables participants to make practical production decisions that impact their bottom line.
The Show-Me-Select™ Replacement Heifer Program is an educational conduit for beef producers, veterinarians and allied industry, and is focused on enhancing the adoption of reproduction and genetic/genomic technologies across Missouri. The program, which began in 1996 with pilot programs in northeast and southwest Missouri, is the only statewide on-farm beef heifer development and marketing program of its kind in the United States. Nearly 150,000 heifers, from more than 900 farms, are enrolled in the program. The marketing arm of the program has reported sales of almost 37,000 heifers into 20 states nationwide, with gross receipts of more than $60 million. To date, MU’s investment in implementing the Show-Me-Select™ Replacement Heifer Program has resulted in an estimated impact of $200 million statewide.
University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry
Program Director: Sarah Lovell
The goal of the University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry is to initiate, coordinate and enhance agroforestry activities to meet the environmental, social and economic needs of land management worldwide. It is focused on serving as a preeminent global center in agroforestry research, education and technology transfer with comprehensive programs that encompass ecological and economic sustainability, specialty crop and commodity production, environmental conservation and stewardship, and integrated management.
The center, created in 1998, supports the long-term future of rural and urban working farms and forests by achieving economic, environmental and social sustainability. Interdisciplinary collaboration is one of the most notable hallmarks of the center. To achieve its objectives, the center draws upon diverse knowledge, talent and resident intellectual capacity, and supports researchers located in academic departments across CAFNR. The center’s interdisciplinary research programs work in clusters to create synergy among scientists, enhance the center’s research creativity and productivity, and achieve better integration among diverse disciplines. Linked to the center’s science and research programs are numerous partnerships with landowners, natural resource professionals, federal and state agencies and non-profit organizations that produce an array of positive outcomes. Since its inception, the center has brought in more than $55 million in grants and contracts to support its mission.